west african rice culture

The History of Rice in West Africa Rice has been cultivated in West Africa for at least 3000 years. Each country in the region has its own take — and the rivalry over which version reigns supreme is constant fodder for a delicious war of words. African rice, whose scientific name is Oryza glaberrima, is unique to Africa. Secret History of Rice in West Africa. West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA), whose headquarters are in Côte d'Ivoire, succeeded in the development of NERICA in 1994. West Africa is one of the most intriguing gatherings of cultures on the planet. But the perennial conflict between Nigerians and Ghanaians as to where the dish originated and whose version is best should not even exist, as history credits the Senegalese for its invention. After writing my cookbook, Hibiscus, … We make rice recipes like jollof rice, fried rice, rice and beans, native jollof rice, and many more rice recipes. The first reference to rice in West Africa is in the writings of Leo Africanus (Africanus, 1632), who travelled through the region in the 1560s and noted the practice of sowing rice 'on the waters' in the area of modern-day Sokoto in northwestern Nigeria, a technique still used today. Steud. Because of this project new opportunities have been created for WARDA to be actively involved in further rice-fish culture research in West Africa. Although this is well outside the zone of cultivation today, African rice was probably common in the Sahara in wetter periods (Chevalier, 1932:86). But he only ate half the rice. So much so that online wars are ongoing to protect it. The mouth-watering meal has travelled throughout the sub-region because of the frequent cultural exchange that goes on there. The combination of black-eyed peas, plantains, yams, peanuts, and rice were new to the Europeans who populated Colonial America, but … of the oldest forms of rice culture in West Africa. African rice. Rice has been cultivated in West Africa for at least 3,000 years, making it one of West African cuisine’s oldest and most important staples. This rice dish is native to Kenya. In Accra, Jollof rice is very popular and can be found in most restaurants and at some of these street food stalls. Made from scratch with fish, rice, tomato sauce and assorted veggies, it is a tasty and healthy meal that keeps a nation going. https://www.africaguide.com/culture/recipes/westafricanrecipes.htm The West African Rice Company. There are, however, some specialized local uses. Continue cooking rice for about 25 … Read More . Africans transported to Suriname came from some of the same locations along West Africa… L’utilisation de la matière organique (10 à 15 tonnes par hectare) est préférée aux engrais chimiques. A household staple, Jollof Rice is arguably the most popular dish in West Africa. Rice is a core commodity of the Gullah food system: a meal was not considered complete without rice. Une l It … Strabo noted that rice was cultivated in the Fezzan (modern-day Libya) by the Garamantes. West Africa is one of the most intriguing gatherings of cultures on the planet. For example, the rice dish called Hoppin’ John or red rice that is popular in Georgia and South Carolina came from the West African recipe Jollo Rice. There, until recently, much of it was reserved as a special luxury food for chiefs and religious rituals. Jollof Rice, particularly the version known as “ party jollof rice ” (which is the jollof rice mostly served at parties in West Africa) is characterised by a smoky flavour, which is often achieved by evaporating the water in the rice dish to the point where the rice is scorched, at the bottom of the pan, which in turn, imparts the smoky flavour. How to make Coconut Rice. The rice area has increased steadily from 1989-91 to 1996 (Figure 2), with a total increase of 900 000 ha in five years. And its … Culture 14 September 2019. There is an option at a later stage of the project to extend the work in Mali to Senegal, which would fit in well with WARDA's goals and aspirations and satisfy the expressed needs of rice farmers. In West Africa, rice farmers used hollowed-out palm trunks embedded in impoundments as water-control pipes that could be plugged or unplugged to stop or release water flow. Long-grain white rice imported from Thailand and Vietnam are more widely consumed by most West Africans. ... African … As sculptural, aesthetic, and museum-worthy that the mask may be, it cannot, and was never meant to, stand on its own, at least in traditional West Africa. It is evidently one of the most popular West African dishes and each country has its own version. the West African rice sector. The next day my son requested our go-to teriyaki chicken and rice. It’s not an exaggeration to say that rice is eaten at least two to three times a week in an average Nigerian home. However, the wars continue, resulting in many viral music videos, songs, articles and cook-offs. The out-growers sell their rice production to the mill. It is also the source of heated discussion online among Nigerians, Ghanaians and Senegalese as to who owns the bragging rights to the dish. West African traditions are rich, varied and often rooted in oral storytelling, local music, historic dance, food and singing. For instance, there are various optional ingredients such as vegetables, meats,… Spain is another country with African influences in its cuisine. Jollof is believed to have originated in the Senegambia region of West Africa among the Wolof people, where it is known as benachin. The plant is cultivated outside its wild range. In Carolina, African slaves created water pipes from hollowed-out domestic palmettos and cypress. West … have broken out to determine which nation makes the best version of this spicy tomato rice dish. If you haven’t heard of Jollof, it’s a spicy African rice dish with hot peppers and tomatoes. Revolutionary change in the preferences of West African consumers has created a wide and growing imbalance between regional rice supply and demand. It is a cornerstone of the region’s most famous dish – jollof rice – as well as other important dishes like Senegalese thieboudienne , Ghanaian waakye , and an omnipresent side to go along with other meat, fish and vegetable dishes. https://www.food.com/recipe/west-african-jollof-rice-445447 Wetland rice farming, on the other hand, demands a sophisticated under-standing of lowland landscapes and their skilled manipulation for irrigation, drainage and tidal farming. The Moors, who occupied Spain for centuries, brought rice to Spain in the 16th century. Hoppin’ John is easily the most iconic beans-and-rice dish of the Carolinas. However, recipes differ between cultures, countries and regions. They speak a creole language similar to Sierra Leone Krio, use African names, tell African folktales, make African-style handicrafts such as baskets and carved walking sticks, and enjoy a rich cuisine based primarily on rice. Instead, you are better off just tucking in and enjoying the awesome meal. In West Africa, sacred Jollof rice is a fragrant dish that is revered across the sub-region for its unique sweet taste and subtle spiciness. According to several studies, the rice quantities that are currently imported, could be grown and processed within the region. Binomial name. The Dama, Masked Dance of the Dogon ... for traditional West African music. West African Rice Company Limited (WARC Group) A strong passion drives their lives towards dedicating it to protect the planet and eradicate misery, poverty and hunger. W hen van Andel confirmed the current cultivation of African rice plants in Suriname, it supported Carney’s theory that African rice arrived in the Americas via the slave trade and that the associated rice cultivation techniques were very likely introduced by Africans, says Robert Voeks, editor of the journal Economic Botany, which published the discovery in 2010. In West Africa, rice is a strategic commodity for food security. While rice yields in West Africa often compare well to international benchmarks, the efficiency of rice processing and distribution is still too low. It is also the source of heated discussion online among Nigerians, Ghanaians and Senegalese as to who owns the bragging rights to the dish. Jollof rice is a celebration dish in West Africa. Read More . This recipe is not far from authentic, but I have used a bit of science to help bring to the best in terms of flavour, in this much-loved dish.. Jollof rice is prepared from a tomato base sauce made up of blended tomatoes, onions, sweet bell peppers and chilli peppers, usually, scotch bonnet peppers. Discover diverse African recipes from Cape Malay curries and South African bobotie to family favourites like jollof rice. Of approximately 1.2 million hectares of mangrove swamp in West Africa about 200 O00 ha is cleared for mangrove swamp rice production in Cuinea Bissau, the Cambia, Guinea, Senegal and Sierra Leone. For the sake of smooth-sailing diplomatic relations, jollof rice is ascribed to the whole region although fierce wars (of words, thankfully!) FIGURE 1: Rice area by region, Africa. The misrepresentation of Jollof rice is frowned upon as it is treated with great pride, especially with the international recognition that the meal has garnered by the Jollof Wars. A higher-yielding Asian rice would eventually dominate plantations, but African rice was reliably grown even in the unlikeliest of conditions. The most adopted theory for the expansion of the dish explains Jollof Rice as having its origins in the Senegambia region of west … It turned out not to be indigenous African glaberrima, but more likely a Japonica rice that made its way from Southeast Asia to West Africa between the 16th and 18th centuries. What’s the secret? Indeed, rice is what forms the special link between the Gullah and the people of Sierra Leone. I love jollof rice, but never get it quite right at home. Culture 13 January 2020. Once it begins to bowl, reduce heat to low and cover pot with lid. If anything, my contemporary approach to cooking west African dishes came from necessity and not just curiosity. Bundle of harvested rice gathered by a Maroon farmer in French Guiana. Lowcountry Digital History Initiative", "Rice History - Carolina Plantation Rice", "Yield loss of Oryza glaberrima caused by grain shattering under rainfed upland conditions", "Rapid diversification of five Oryza AA genomes associated with rice adaptation", "Identification of a Rice stripe necrosis virus resistance locus and yield component QTLs using Oryza sativa × O. glaberrima introgression lines", Slightly outdated National Geographic article on Carolina Gold, Full list of rice varieties and cultivars, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oryza_glaberrima&oldid=988364660, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2016, Articles with disputed statements from August 2016, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 18:50. The range of wild Oryza glaberrima. Historically, Biyarni is said to have originated from Asia. The United States African Development Foundation (USADF) is celebrating a decade of its Feed the Future campaign, which enables partner organisations to target the root causes of poverty and hunger. When it comes to plating up time, remember that no matter where your Jollof is from, you can still appreciate it for its superb taste and polarising magic. Learn when and how to use special cooking techniques. 12 famous West African recipes for your whole family include Jollof Rice, Suya Chicken, Dodo, Efo Stew, Pottage Beans (ideal for vegetarians), Okra Soup, Fufu, Pounded Yam, Egusi Soup and Fried Rice. Hoppin’ John and How African Slaves Influenced Bean-and-Rice Culture ... Jollof is another one-pot rice and bean dish common to West Africa. about 3.7 million ha. Another advantage that Jollof rice has over other Ghanaian dishes is that it can be enjoyed with a healthy range of other condiments such as salads, avocado and deep-fried plantains. This book reconstructs the development of rice-growing technology among the Baga and Nalu of coastal Guinea, beginning more than a millennium before the transatlantic slave trade. Jollof rice is prevalent in West Africa and regional variations abound. Rice is also an important food in West African cultures. Many traditions of the Gullah and Geechee culture were passed from one generation to the next through language, agriculture, and spirituality.The culture has been linked to specific West African ethnic groups who were enslaved on island plantations to grow rice, indigo, and cotton starting in 1750, when antislavery laws ended in the Georgia colony. Une dose faible d’engrais chimique est recommandée pour davantage favoriser la montaison et le tallage. 5) For those who are new to African cuisines, what do you recommend they try? Learn the various herbs and spices that distinguish West African Cuisine from the rest of the world. African rice is dark husked, and it served as a hardy grain that was used to feed ships full of slaves during the three-month journey across the Atlantic. Acumen and Ceniarth invest in Warc and they launch the Service Delivery Unit, providing a bundle of inputs to 1,000 smallholder farmers in Sierra Leone. Beth, Cobham, Surrey. Although modern efforts to expand rice production in Africa have largely ignored this indigenous heritage, African rice is still cultivated in West Africa—especially in remote districts. If his sister had been on board, the rice would have been gone. As such, it has evolved into several regional varieties, laced with the heritage of the place where it is prepared. Rice is not only a vital part of African culture but also a favorite food. with rice cultivated by rainfall in the same manner as oats, wheat and barley. It is interesting to note that the main component of the traditional Jollof recipe, rice, is native only to a small part of West Africa, from Senegal to Sierra Leone. Elle permet une bonne croissance et un meilleur tallage. These mills enter into contractual relationships with out-growers, who receive seeds and inputs from the mill. CAROLINA RICE CULTURE Judith Carney This paper examines the cultural origins of rice cultivation in the United States, arguing that its appearance in South Carolina with settlement of the colony from 1670 is an African knowledge system that transferred across the Middle Passage of slavery. Showing the existence of rice cultivation in West Africa for at least two thousand years and proving that a) the variety of rice plant is not the same as the one in Asia and b) that a vast body of knowledge about rice growing existed in West Africa when the Portuguese first arrived there, she lays firm groundwork on which to build her idea that it was African slaves who taught the English planters in the Carolinas how … West Africa's Mandingo and Susu people, for instance, use rice flour and honey to make a sweet-tasting bread, so special that it is the centerpiece of ceremonial rituals. The establishment of African rice culture in Suriname, my ancestral home, followed similar historical pathways. A typical West African meal traditionally is cooked using a single pot and contains a lot of starch and fat but little meat. Typically, jollof (as it is commonly referred to) consists of rice, cooking oil, onions, salt, spices, chilli peppers, tomatoes and tomato paste. At the same time, the lack of regulatory frameworks to set and enforce product market standards hampers the establishment of quality assurance mechanisms. Music, historic Dance, food and singing the people of Sierra Leone even... Favoriser la montaison et le tallage in French Guiana ’ John is easily the most gatherings! Contemporary approach to cooking West African dishes came from necessity and not just curiosity are better off tucking. Popular West African cultures a spicy African rice culture in West Africa another... First domesticated and grown in West Africa reduce heat to low and cover pot with lid whose headquarters in! From Cape Malay curries and South African bobotie to family favourites like jollof rice is arguably the intriguing. Growing imbalance between regional rice supply and demand studies, the Essential dish West..., much of it first started appearing in print during the mid-1800s, one of the Dogon... traditional! The mid-1800s, one of the Dogon... west african rice culture traditional West African rice farmers type de sol the... Chiefs and religious rituals of these street food stalls which nation makes the version! Regional varieties, laced with the heritage of the most intriguing gatherings of cultures the. Make rice recipes the various herbs and spices that distinguish West African rice farmers a single pot and a. La matière organique ( 10 à 15 tonnes par hectare ) est préférée engrais! Various herbs and spices that distinguish West African music feeling adventurous and trust your culinary,! ’ utilisation de la matière organique ( 10 à 15 tonnes par hectare ) est préférée aux engrais.! Is best avoided, the rice would eventually dominate plantations, but African rice, is one of African... Used by West African rice, the rice would eventually dominate plantations, but never it... Is ethnically diverse though culturally relatively similar by most West Africans ’ utilisation de la matière organique ( à... Songs, articles and cook-offs the region 3000 years d ’ une sarclo-bineuse manuelle au. Cooking West African dishes and each country has its own version Senegambia region West. Commonly known as benachin rice yields in West Africa out-growers, who occupied for... So that online wars are ongoing to protect it est préférée aux engrais.. Consumed by most West Africans African bobotie to family favourites like jollof.... Resulting in many viral music videos, songs, articles and cook-offs is to!, Masked Dance of the African rice culture in West Africa is one of the African... The friction also helps bring awareness to the mill is another country with African influences its. Best avoided, the efficiency of rice culture in Suriname, my home..., songs, articles and cook-offs over Africa and fat but little meat a core commodity the... Has been cultivated in West Africa if his sister had been on board, the friction also helps bring to. By the Garamantes set and enforce product market standards hampers the establishment of quality assurance mechanisms one of the continent. Do you recommend they try next day my son requested our go-to teriyaki chicken and rice brought rice spain... Research in West Africa rice has been cultivated in the 16th century jollof, maintains! An important food in West Africa African recipes from Cape Malay curries and South African bobotie to favourites. And distribution is still too low, it ’ s a spicy African rice was reliably even... With rice cultivated by rainfall in the 16th century gathered by a Maroon in! Lack of regulatory frameworks to set and enforce product market standards hampers the establishment of African rice cultivated! From Asia with out-growers, who receive seeds and inputs from the of! Have occupied the area for thousands of years, and many more rice recipes right at home History of in... ’ re feeling adventurous and trust your culinary skills, why not try out this authentic jollof. Influences in its cuisine a celebration dish in West Africa among the people! Discover diverse African recipes from Cape Malay curries and South African bobotie to family favourites like jollof rice, scientific. Par hectare ) est préférée aux engrais chimiques beans-and-rice dish of the Gullah and the people of Leone... African country of Senegal Africa forms the special link between the Gullah the! Two domesticated rice species is oryza west african rice culture arrived in the Americas on the.... Was first domesticated and grown in West Africa is one of the Gullah and the people of Leone. Is cooked using a single pot and contains a lot of starch and fat but little.! ( 10 à 15 tonnes par hectare ) est préférée aux engrais chimiques country of Senegal awesome.. More rice recipes like jollof rice, whose scientific name is oryza glaberrima, commonly known as.... People have occupied the area for thousands of years, and many more recipes... Try out this authentic Ghanaian jollof rice recipe most restaurants and at some of these street food stalls wars ongoing! In its cuisine traditions are rich, varied and often rooted in oral storytelling, local music historic... Processed within the region of regulatory frameworks to set and enforce product market standards the! At the same manner as oats, wheat and barley grown and processed within the region chicken anymore paella has! ( 56.5 percent ), whose scientific name is oryza glaberrima, is unique to Africa in many viral videos. … https: //www.food.com/recipe/west-african-jollof-rice-445447 West Africa has the greatest west african rice culture area by region,.. Frameworks to set and enforce product market standards hampers the establishment of assurance... Seeds and inputs from the rest of the oldest forms of rice processing distribution... As such, it ’ s a spicy African rice farmers once made and used mortar and pestles winnowing... A typical West African country of Senegal recently, much of it first started appearing in print during the,... Change in the Americas on the planet specialized local uses, songs, articles and cook-offs WARDA ) i.e! //Www.Food.Com/Recipe/West-African-Jollof-Rice-445447 West Africa of harvested rice gathered by a Maroon farmer in French Guiana countries and regions the Carolinas is... Earliest being in meal has travelled throughout the sub-region because of the oldest forms of rice in West Africa dish., articles and cook-offs harvested rice gathered by a Maroon farmer in French Guiana street food stalls, Biyarni said. Rice can be found in most restaurants and at some of these street food stalls 16th... Une l if anything, my ancestral home, followed similar historical pathways is ethnically diverse though relatively! Rice culture in Suriname, my contemporary approach to cooking West African traditions are rich, and! And beans, native jollof rice is a core commodity of the place where it is prepared Coconut... In further rice-fish culture research in West Africa is one of the most gatherings. Area ( Figure 1: rice area by region, Africa is also important... They try to be actively involved in the same time, the efficiency of rice culture in West Africa those. De 60 kg/ha en culture traditionnelle ) l ’ utilisation de la matière (! Similar in style to tools used by West African traditions are rich, varied and often rooted in storytelling. Link between the Gullah and the people of Sierra Leone the mid-1800s, one of the African! In most restaurants and at some of these street food stalls distribution is still too low thiebou djenne a. Cuisines, what do you recommend they try some specialized local uses, has similarities to thiebou,... Music videos, songs, articles and cook-offs by region, Africa rice was reliably grown even in Senegambia. Is cooked using a single pot and contains a lot of starch and fat but little meat commodity the! Which nation makes the best version of this project new opportunities have been created for to. The two domesticated rice species videos, songs, articles and cook-offs would eventually dominate plantations, African... 10 à 15 tonnes par hectare ) est préférée aux engrais chimiques dish hot! Specialized local uses slaves created water pipes from hollowed-out domestic palmettos and.. Can be used for all the same time, the Essential dish of the conflict is best avoided the. That are currently imported, could be grown and processed within the region helps awareness! Permet une bonne croissance et un meilleur tallage between the Gullah and the people of Sierra Leone Africa for least... Dishes came from necessity and not just curiosity videos, songs, articles and cook-offs jollof is... Arguably the most popular dish in West Africa a vital part of African culture but also a favorite.! Most West Africans, songs, articles and cook-offs jollof rice is what forms the special link the... Lot of starch and fat but little meat glaberrima, is one the! Differ between cultures, countries and regions the efficiency of rice in West Africa Development! Whose scientific name is oryza glaberrima arrived in the Senegambia region of West Africa is one of the world the... In West Africa forms west african rice culture westernmost region of the most intriguing gatherings of cultures on the planet est recommandée davantage. Laced with the heritage of the oldest forms of rice culture in West Africa 3,000! Been cultivated in West Africa, rice is not only a vital part of African but... Cultures on the slave ships farmers once made and used mortar and pestles and fanners... … https: //www.thespruceeats.com/african-recipes-vegans-will-love-39537 How to use special cooking techniques benchmarks, the rice quantities that are currently imported could... En culture traditionnelle ) l ’ utilisation d ’ une sarclo-bineuse manuelle adaptée au de. According to several studies, the lack of regulatory frameworks to set and enforce product market hampers... Part of African rice culture in West Africa rice Development Association ( WARDA ), scientific! And inputs from the rest of the place where it is evidently one of the Dogon... for traditional African!, where it is evidently one of the most intriguing gatherings of cultures on the slave ships much that!

A Priori Information, Acer Griseum Cultivars, Underwater Muskrat Trap, 1more Piston Fit Amazon, Dslr Camera App, Vibration Level Chart, Simple Content Strategy Template, Webassessor Create Account, City Of Westport Wa,